This blog was written by me for part of a series for PatientsLikeMe. I have been given permission to post here. Note that the link to the original post from 9/20/2017 is here.
Most of you have probably played the game “telephone” when you were younger. The first person whispers something to the next and it goes down the line of people until the last person says what they were told. 99% of the time, the result was absolutely nothing related to the original statement. Things got misconstrued, wording got changed, and as a result it was totally wrong. Well the same goes for health insurance and healthcare in general. The saying, “If it isn’t documented, it didn’t happen,” is used all the time.
Unlocking good habits
Documentation is the key to healthcare. There are many times when we speak to someone who passes that message along to another person, and your original question has likely been reworded in some form. If you don’t remember anything else from this blog, here is what I want to plant in your head: Document! How many times have you called a doctor’s office or insurance company, had a conversation and then hung up the phone without giving it a second thought? How many times have you taken notes during conversations or written a summary afterwards regarding the content? My guess for many of us would be zero, zip, zilch, nada! You’ve always assumed that the information that was passed along would be correct and that whoever was answering your questions was documenting everything you said.
Start making it a habit of keeping a notebook for your healthcare conversations. That way if there is ever a question of what was discussed, you can refer back to it. If possible, use patient portals if they are available through your doctor or insurance company. Most, if not all of them have messaging features, which is a simple way to ensure things are documented. My practice has always been to attempt to send messages for non-urgent matters. This can also be used for evidence if anything becomes a legal issue.
Knowing your coverage inside and out
No matter what insurance you have, it is essential to know what doctors and facilities are covered. If you have private or employer-based insurance, who is in your network? Are there differences in your in-network vs. out-of-network coverage?
A handy place to find this information is on your insurance company’s website. Most companies have a link that lets you search for doctors and facilities. Your insurance will have your PCP (primary care physician) listed already – make sure that it is correct and update it if there is a change.
Do you remember the pile of paperwork that you received when you got your current insurance? Did you read it? I mean REALLY read it! If you’re like many consumers, you probably skimmed through your Summary of Benefits and were able to see a brief overview of what your deductible, copay, premiums, and out-of-pocket maximum amount were. It also described the difference between coverage for in and out-of-network coverage.
The Certificate of Coverage is going to be your “bible,” if you will. It is the 70+ page document that goes into every detail you ever wanted to know about your coverage. This is a document that I highly recommend you read. If you ever have doubts or questions about anything, this is where the fine print is at. It also will address how to file an appeal or grievance.
Taking a closer look at the types of insurance
Maybe it’s time to look for something more affordable or perhaps you are just coming off someone else’s plan. No matter the circumstances, insurance is something that can be very confusing. Premiums, deductibles, copays, blah, blah, blah. What does it mean? That’s what I can imagine going through your head. Brace yourself for a tidal wave of information.
If you’re wondering what the different types of insurance are, you’re in luck. It’s time for a bare necessities lesson (minus the singing and dancing). Check out this handy one page I wrote that shows the types of public and private insurance available.
Understanding your pharmacy options
Often there will be a Pharmacy Rider, which will list the tiers or classifications of medications for coverage. A rule of thumb is that a generic drug is always less expensive than a brand name. Some patients are unable to tolerate generics or experience a different response than with the brand name, if that’s the case you can ask your provider to file a prior authorization form with your insurance company showing you’ve tried generic alternatives of the drug which have not had the desired effect, and you’ll need to be prescribed the brand name version only. Once again, this information can usually be found in the certificate of coverage or by simply calling customer service.
In addition to your pharmacy coverage, there are many programs available for patients with private or employer-based insurance. Almost all pharmaceutical companies have financial assistance available or will offer copay cards for newer medications. This is the case very frequently for injectable medications.
Also, don’t hesitate to do an internet search. There are a lot of free drug discount cards available. However, many of them cannot be used in conjunction with insurance. That is a detail that you will have to clarify.
I truly hope that this blog has been helpful. There are so many different things that go on within a single policy for one patient that it can be overwhelming. Always ask if there is ever doubt, and DOCUMENT. Don’t play the telephone game!